Peking Opera performers clothing worn on stage, commonly known as “ costumes ( 戏衣 )”, the term is called “ 行头 ”. “Costumes” in accordance with the Ming Dynasty started making replica clothing, with the Jin(金), Yuan(元) and Qing(清) costumes gradually absorbed, the Peking Opera “ 行头 ” to be constantly enriched and gradually enriched up.
Traditional Peking Opera repertoire, although belonging to different dynasties in history, but all actors are worn the same time “ 行头 ”. Peking Opera costumes, and is not too much emphasis on the times, but stressed that the stage of. As long as these costumes can represent the history of traditional costumes, the stage unified style, beautiful to watch, they can become opera “ 行头（hang tou）”.
“Python(蟒)” is abbreviation of embroidered robe, traditional play in the royal robes, there are “male python(男蟒)” and “female python(女蟒)”. The color of yellow is dressed by emperor and empress; the color of red is dressed by high capacity people; the color of green is dressed by loyal people who are red face; the color of white is dressed by honest, dedicated quiet man; the color of black is dressed by upright and outspoken people who are black face.
“Cape(帔)” is the traditional play in the royal uniform. A man and a female of the points; “Female cape(女帔)” short to the knee; “male cape(男帔)” long to the foot. “Yellow cape(黄帔) ” for the emperoe, empress and concubines casual; “Red cape(红帔)” mostly wealthy family, courtiers people at the wedding dress. Other colors of the “cape” were gentry and officials at home when casual.
“Official clothing(官衣)” is a traditional Chinese opera official robes, men and women apart. “Official clothing” has four colors; they are purple, red, blue, and black, followed by the size of distinction grade.
“Folds(褶子)” is the traditional wear in a wide range of uniforms, there are men and women of the points. “Blue fold(蓝褶子)” more for the middle-aged scholar; “Black fold(黑褶子)” more for the poor person.
“Fortune clothing(富贵衣)” is the “black folds” on many variegated patch “patch”, to indicate ragged. In the traditional repertoire of Peking Opera, who wear this costumes characters, usually being impoverished, this “rags” to take a nice “fortune clothing” name.
“The Eight Diagrams clothing(八卦衣)” is the traditional military show in order to use the clothing worn by the characters. Colors are black and purple, sapphire blue and white.
“He Mao(鹤髦)” is worn by people who have military strategy, understand yin(阴) and yang(阳) in traditional drama. “Kai Mao(开髦)” is the informal dress of traditional drama to grow old and return home, senior civilian and military commanders. There are many colors, such as red, green, yellow, white, black, purple, blue and bronze and so on.
“Gong Zhuang(宫装)” is the grande toilette which dressed by empress who play in the traditional drama.
“Lao Dou clothing(老斗衣)” is also called “labor clothes(劳动衣)”, a treat men and women. In traditional opera, the costumes are worn by civilians.
“Pian Shan(偏衫)” is a Buddhist Converting clothes to wear outside, is oblong.
“Vestments(法衣)” is wearing when Taoist practice.
“Daovest(道背心)” is a Taoist figures, priests, nuns wear a vest in the folds outside. White and blue plaid fabric, the length of the calf.
“Monk vest(僧背心)” is a Buddhist figure, monks, nuns wear a vest in the folds outside. Yellow and green fabric, the length of the calf.
“Cheongsam(旗袍)” is the clothing worn by young women in Qing Dynasty.
“Kao(靠)” is the armor dressed by traditional male-female generals wearing armor. There are “Ying Kao(硬靠)”, “Ruan Kao(软靠)” and “Gai Liang Kao(改良靠)” three types. There “male Kao(男靠)” and “female Kao(女靠)” points. “改良靠” is a reform to create new costumes. The style is tight and the waist. Further close the style of the soldiers of ancient armor. “靠” has variety of colors, what role should wear which color “靠”, according to the role of age, personality, identity, facial type and stage to differentiate use. In general, red, blue, purple with a comparison of three-color “Hua Lian(花脸)” used more; white used for handsome “Wu Sheng(武生)”; green as “Hong Sheng(红生)” and “Hong Jing(红净)”; black is the bad guy characters wear; pink color are more dressed by “Xiao Sheng(小生)”; bronze is special used by “Lao Dan(老旦)”; Other variegation is to be worn by supporting role.
“Jian Yi(箭衣)” play a versatile, long journey, the role of idle wear the uniforms. “Long Jian(龙箭)” mostly worn by emperor when they hold court, military commanders are also useful. It is embroidered dragon and the sea. “Hua Jian(花箭)” mostly worn by samurai warrior. “Su Jian(素箭)” worn by the old army, a hero and others.
“Battle dress, Zhan ao(战裙，战袄)” is “Wu Dan(武旦)” actors dress. There are red, white, black and bright moon four colors.
“Cha Yi(茶衣)” is blue cloth made of breasted shirt, it is for child and “Xiao Hua Lian(小花脸)”.
“Eunuch clothing(太监衣)” is worn by a eunuch, it is large yellow collar clothing, black embroidered patterns in it.
The pictures are based on “the Peking Opera” by Zhou Jian Chao, published by the Shanghai publishing company CRC.